Information Literacy – Utilizing & Evaluating Web Resources


To be information fluent and to enhance your research, you must be able to appropriately apply search strategies, use search engines, and navigate databases. When conducting online research, you should be able to determine appropriate, reliable, and relevant content for the information you are seeking.

Essential Questions

  • Besides Google, where can you find information on the web?
  • Why isn’t Wikipedia a good citation reference?
  • Why and how do you evaluate web information for accuracy, relevance and authority?
  • Do you trust all sources of information or are some sources more reliable than others?
  • Why does the source of your information matter?


Implementation Suggestions and Strategies for Schools

1 – Introduce a new type of search!

  • InstaGrok – Visualization, Concept Maps
  • Sweet Search – Human Curated for Students
  • Dogpile – a Search Engine of Search Engines
  • Duck Duck Go – a simplified search for struggling readers/English language learners

2 – Collaborate with your school librarian on strategies to introduce evaluating web resources to students!

3 – The CARRDSS process depicts and explains a method for middle and high school students to recall how to evaluate web resources. Similarly, the CRAAP test is a humorous and engaging way to introduce students to the task of evaluating web resources for reliability and validity.

Introduce students to either of these two sites and encourage them to bookmark them in order to develop an internal process to determine if online content  is valuable and reliable. Have students share insights learned about evaluating web resources.

4 – Curriculum Connection – Have students outline what a research project would entail.  Ask students to investigate the Big 6.

5 – Wikipedia Classroom Activity
Have older students fact-check a Wikipedia page by comparing it to its cited sources as well as other sources. They should note any inaccuracies or areas that could be improved. Set up a Wikipedia login for the class, keeping in mind that when using an open-source site, you will need to take Internet safety precautions very seriously. Ask kids to edit the page to make corrections and enhancements, including appropriate citations. This can be a powerful activity for teaching information literacy lessons about citations, plagiarism, Internet safety and judging the quality/reliability of online content. – See more at:

6 -Searching and Evaluating Activity
The steps and cumulative activity at this site were designed for middle school students, yet they can be used by students at any level. Students can complete this activity individually, in groups, or the teacher can lead this activity for the whole class using a projector.