anther — the pollen bearing part of a stamen (locate on diagram)
chlorophyll — a green material in plant leaves that traps energy from sunlight and colors the plants
chloroplast — the part of the flower that contains the chlorophyll
cotyledon — a leaf-like structure of plants that appears during germination and is sometimes called a seed leaf
dormancy — a period of suspended life processes brought on by changes in the environment (Dormancy is a plant
embryo — the tiny part of the seed that can grow into a new plant
germination — the process in which a plant begins to sprout or grow
leaves — the primary food producing parts of green plants during photosynthesis
ovary — the female organ that produces eggs; will eventually form the fruit (locate on diagram)
ovule — will become the seed, or egg; located inside in he ovary (locate on diagram)
petals — the flower parts with bright colors and smells that attract different animals for pollination (locate on
photosynthesis — the way in which green plants trap the sun’s energy and use it to change carbon dioxide and
water into sugars
pistil — the female part of the flower (locate on diagram)
pollen — the yellow, powdery substance found on the anther and used in pollination (locate on diagram)
pollination — the moving of the pollen from the stamen to the pistil
root — structures that anchor the plant and take water and nutrients from the soil
seed — a young plant in a protective coat; embryo
sepal — parts that protect the flower when it is a bud (locate on diagram)
spore — cells in seedless plants that can grow into new plants
stamen — male parts of the flower (locate on diagram)
stem — the structure that provides support and allows the movement of water and nutrients to the plant
stigma — the sticky, top part of the pistil (locate on diagram)
zygote — After a female egg is fertilized, the resulting one-celled organism becomes known as a zygote.
In order to meet this standard, it is expected that
• analyze a common plant: identify the roots,
stems, leaves, and flowers, and explain the
function of each.
• create a model/diagram illustrating the parts of
a flower and its reproductive processes.
Explain the model/diagram using the following
terminology: pollination, stamen, stigma, pistil,
sepal, embryo, spore, seed.
• compare and contrast different ways plants are
• explain that ferns and mosses reproduce with
spores rather than seeds.
• explain the process of photosynthesis, using the
following terminology: sunlight, chlorophyll,
water, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and sugar.
• explain the role of adaptations of common
plants to include dormancy, response to light,
and response to moisture.