Roman art was greatly influenced by the Etruscan and similar to Greek arts. They are mostly known for their mosaics which scientists use today to depict the clothes, food, or tools of the time. Mosaics were part of everyday features and more frequently displayed in the houses of the wealthy. In Ancient Rome, music was also a big deal. They were played for a wide range of activities like the following: funerals, gladiatorial spectacles, gatherings, or for the military. Music back then was monophonic, in other words, single melodies with no actual tune, but Ancient Romans considered it a great advancement. While stage performing was considered for the lowly, singing was a sign of education. Dancing was also a form of art in Rome, as the rich hosted lavish dinner parties with semi-nude, professional dancers entertaining the guests.
My topic was the Forum Iulium. The Forum Iulium was created and designed to provide a center for business. Caesar had to pay around one hundred million sesterces to purchase the land and build the Forum Iulium. Caesar was very involved in creating the Forum Iulium. This extraordinary building helped Rome flourish in trading and other businesses. Caesar also used the Forum Iulium to create a small shrine for himself. He bought and displayed many paintings and collections, including Caesar’s six collections of engraved gems. The Forum was dedicated to Caesar on the last day of his great triumph. Unfortunately, it later burned down, but then reconstructed. The Forum Iulium is an impeccable example of Roman architecture.
The topic I have chosen for this project is Sports and Circus Maximus. The circus maximus is a Roman hippodrome, it is one of the largest sports arenas ever built. It had a capacity of one hundred fifty thousand people, with a u-shaped structure, three sides of seating areas and a wall running down the center. Anyone in the city could attend the events that went on in the arena and they also were free. One of the events were chariot racing. The chariot itself was lightweight and small. You needed great skill to drive one of these. One of the most famous chariot racers was Scorpius. Scorpius became famous through chariot racing and won over two thousand races. He died at age twenty-six from a racing accident. The chariots were connected to horse teams of two to six. Four to six racers competited during a single race. A single race was seven laps which converts to two and a half miles. Sports and Circus Maximus is an interesting topic and I hoped you learned some intriguing facts from my tour!
Nardo, Don. Games of Ancient Rome. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 2000. Print.
“Gladiators, Chariots, and the Roman Games.” Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association. Web. 28 Apr. 2015.
“Chariot racing.” Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 28 Apr. 2015.
“Circus Maximus.” Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 28 Apr. 2015.
Roman theatre used to be very diverse. It included street theatre, acrobatics, and comedies. The Theatre of Pompey was built in the Roman Republican era. It was one of the first theatres in Rome that wasn’t wooden. Before this theatre was built, most theatres were made out of wood and usually only temporary. The shape of the theatre was a half circle with the orchestra in front of the stage. Theatrical performances and meetings were held here. Actors and actresses wore masks on stage to show the type of person on stage. The theatre was built for Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus. During this period of time, the ancient Roman civilization began to overthrow the Roman Kingdom.
The first permanent theater in the city of Rome was the Theater of Pompey, built in 55 B.C. by Julius Caesar’s rival, Pompey the Great. Before this, there was no permanent theater in the city of Rome, and plays were staged in temporary, wooden structures, intended to stand for a few weeks at most. This lack of construction of permanent theaters is speculated to be the cause of active senatorial opposition, and also concern for Roman morality, the fear of popular rebellion, and competition among the elite. When the Theater of Pompey was constructed, it beautified the form of the Roman theater, and provided a model for other builders across the empire. Roman theaters were then built to be enormous, grand structures, with a tall stage-front of multiple stories, and they could hold up to 20,000 spectators. During the first century B.C., the entertainment held in these theaters was known as the renaissance of popular entertainment. Traditional Roman performances like circuses, spectacles, and mimes/pantomimes returned to their former popularity, and the tragedies and comedies of the former century died away. This popular entertainment scene became one of the most enduring aspects of Roman theatre history.
One of the Roman social classes was the Patricians; they were known to be the high class. The Patricians lived in big, beautiful decorated homes. The outside of the homes contained few windows to maintain privacy. As you enter the home, you appear in a room known as the Atrium. The Atrium is a central communal room which was decorated with mosaics, carpets, sculptures, and more. Many of the Patricians held jobs in political, religious, and military offices. They were second in the social class, right under emperors. They wore white wool or expensive linen in a type of toga formation style. They enjoyed wheat porridge, fruits and vegetables mainly; sometimes they ate olives, wine, and rodents! The children were given the chance to have a good education and learned skills from their parents. Most of these families were proud of their accomplishments and wanted to show off their homes. They hosted dinner parties and played games with their friends and families. Another activity they attended was chariot races, theater, and sometimes spend time in the bath houses because they had gyms, libraries and shops. The Patrician class was far different than the Plebeian class because of wealth and power.
Rome is where the very first aqueduct was built. The first aqueduct was called Aqua Appia, and it was built in 312 BC. This invention revolutionized the way water was transported. Aqueducts were constructed from limestone, mortar, and concrete. They carried water from miles away into the city. It was designed using gravity as the force that carried the water to it’s destination. The aqueducts had parts that were built on high slopes, while others parts were underground. Underground channels of the aqueducts were called conduits. The water carried by the aqueduct was used in public fountains that were available to everyone. Some wealthy Romans had their own private source of water. During times of drought the private sources would be cut off, but the public sources still had water supplied to them. Without the Roman’s invention of the aqueduct, it would have been very difficult to obtain water.
Following the plagues that were caused by the unsanitary ways of the people in BC times, the Romans built public baths for people to clean themselves. These facilities were built to honor the emperors of Rome during their rule. In our tour, we travel to the Baths of Caracalla, named after Emperor Caracalla. In the baths, there are several different pools with varying temperatures. Men and women would very rarely, if ever, bathe together in these facilities and would often bathe at separate times or bath facilities entirely. An example we mention in the tour is that the men of ancient Rome would bathe in the afternoon. First, the typical Roman would rub their bodies with oils to soften and cleanse their skin. Then they would soak in various pools ranging from lukewarm to hot temperatures. They would then spend their time getting massages by their servants or in a steam room. After this, they or their servants would scrape their bodies with tools made of curved metals or ivory called strigils. This process removed oils and dirt from the skin, leaving it clean. Baths were a very crucial part of Roman culture and were used as a place of sanitation and social expression.
In today’s world fast food is all the rage, whether it’s Chick-fil-a or Chipotle, people crave it all the time. This theme was not any different than in ancient Rome. One of the most popular leisure activities was actually dining out. These “fast food” like restaurants were called thermopoli. Cook-shops opened up to the sidewalk as long lines of people formed. Customers were able to watch their food, usually sausage or other meats, be grilled right in front of them. Cook-shops usually served to the lower class men and women because their apartments didn’t have cooking facilities. If facilities were present, groceries such as fish, wine, meats, wheat, vegetables, and sauce ingredients were bought. It was not unusual for people to spend more than they could afford on groceries, like on meat for example. Food was usually all fried or boiled in olive oil. Other popular ingredients were honey and barley. Honey was used to help heal wounds and barley was used to give strength to gladiators before a contest.
Nardo, Don. Arts, Leisure, and Entertainment: Life of the Ancient Romans. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 2004. Print.
What Life Was like When Rome Ruled the World: The Roman Empire, 100 BC – AD 200. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life, 1997. Print.
In roman religion we see a lot of influence from the Greeks. The influence starts with them both being polytheistic which means they have multiple gods or goddesses. The gods and goddesses in Roman religion are the exact same as the Greek ones just with different names. Also religious architecture is closely related including buildings such as the Roman Pantheon being inspired by Greek pantheons. In conclusion, the religion of Rome is closely related to the religion of Greece.
“Greco-Roman Religion and Philosophy.” World Religions Reference Library. Ed. Julie L. Carnagie, et al. Vol. 1: Almanac. Detroit: UXL, 2007. 207-238. Student Resources in Context. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
“Roman religion.” Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 27 Apr. 2015. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/110629>