Education by Christian Smucker, Zach Washburn, and Zlatan Ibrahimovic

The education system in ancient Rome was a rather basic one. Roman girls were trained their mother in domestic tasks (cooking, cleaning, going to the Agora) until the age of 12 or 13, when she married and her education was considered complete. On the other hand, a boy was tutored by his father between the ages of 7 and 16. He was expected to follow his father everywhere and learn from his example (apprentice program). The boy helped with this father’s work, listened to debates in the forum or in the senate, and took part in religious ceremonies. His father taught him to read, to fight in armor, to box, to ride a horse, to swim, to endure hardship, and above all to know his own family’s traditions. Such training was for youths of the upper classes. Little is known about the education of lower-class children. At age the age of 16 boy became a man and then could pursue a higher education at one of the universities in ancient Rome. The two topics mostly covered at university were philosophy and rhetoric. -Christian Smucker and Zlatan Ibrahimovic

Before the Caesar Era, the Romans were undecided on the direction they wanted to write. In the Caesar Era, they were able to switch to write from left-to-right and were able to finalize their 21 letter Alphabet. In the alphabet, most letters only used one sound unlike in English. Also, sentence structure was different from the English language from a subject object verb instead of a subject verb object. For the tools of writing, they wrote on tablets made of wax or small, thin pieces of wood. However, legal and important documents were written in pen and ink on papyrus. Books were also written in pen and ink on papyrus or sometimes parchment. Our knowledge of Roman letter forms comes from monuments, palaces and columns, their versals hewn in stone for all eternity, without a comma or a full stop. -Zach Washburn and Zlatan Ibrahimovic

Citations:

“Bryn Mawr Classical Review 03.03.07.” Bryn Mawr Classical Review 03.03.07. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.

H, J. P. “On Ancient Literary Levels.” Tekton Education and Apologetics Ministry. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.

“Reading in Ancient Rome.” Legendumst. N.p., 08 Oct. 2008. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.

http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/themes/writing/literacy.aspx

Roman Games

My topic was the Roman Games and Circus Maximus.  One of the main events in the Circus Maximus was chariot racing.  The chariots were so hard to control they often crashed, this was called being shipwrecked.  Many racers and horses died from these events.  Gladiator battles were another big sport in Ancient Rome.  There were three main types of gladiators sometimes they were all in the same battle but often they were separated.  Most gladiators were prisoners because of the extremely high risk of this sport.  Lanistas were the gladiators’ bosses essentially, they told them when to fight and how to fight. All of these games were dangerous and much different than the sports we know today.

-Alex Patsell

(My citations are on Megan Connolly’s post)

Mary Polen Roman Funerals Paragraph

Many wealthy families owned private burial plots outside of the city walls. A momument on the plot honored the family’s dead. Some men built their tombs before they died! They prefered to be buried in personal mausoleums in a cavity under the floor of their mausoleum. Many trade associations or clubs paied for their members’ funerals. Some families kept their urns in their homes, but usually they arrange for the urn to be placed in an underground tomb called a columbarium. Most of them had places for hundereds or even thousands of urns! People who were too poor to afford any of these options were buried in mass graves. (Don Nardo) By the early Roman Empire, large groups of people started to believe that death was final. Sayings such as “I believe innothing beyond the grave” and “There is no Hades” started appearing of tomb stones.

Bibliography
Nardo, Don. Life in Ancient Rome. Sand Diego, CA: Lucent, 1996. Print.

Gabby Scarpa- Roman Food

Typically, Romans had three meals a day and they were called the Ientaculum, Prandium, and Cena.  The Ientaculum was there breakfast and it was eaten early in the morning before the men went to work.  Breakfast was usually a light meal that consisted of bread, cheese, and olives.  The bread was normally eaten with honey, olive oil, and wine.  Sometimes they ate a wheat pancake for breakfast with dates and honey.  The Romans lunch was called the Prandium and it consisted of leftovers from the night before, cold meat, bread, and fish.   Lunch was usually a small meal that could even be considered a snack.  This meal didn’t exist until dinner was moved an hour later.  Most meals depended on your class, poor Romans were lucky to have more than a piece of bread.  The wealthy Romans were able to purchase rich cheeses to accompany the bread for breakfast.

 

Cites –

Barrow, Mandy. “Roman Food.” Roman Food. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015

Balsdon, J.P.V.D. Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome. McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, 1969.Branham, R. Bracht and Kinney, Daniel. Petronius’s Satyrica. University of California Press: Los Angeles, 1996.

Carcopino, Jerome. Daily Life in Ancient Rome. George Routledge & Sons, Ltd: London, 1941.

Cowell, F.R. Everyday Life in Ancient Rome. B.T. Batsford Ltd: London,1961.

Flower, Barbara and Rosenbaum, Elisabeth. The Roman Cookery Book: The Art of Cooking by Apicius. Peter Nevill Limited: London, 1958.

Fowler, W. Warde. Social Life At Rome in the Age of Cicero. St Martin’s Press: London, 1965.

Liversidge, Joan. Everyday Life in the Roman Empire. B.T. Batsford Ltd: London, 1976.

 

 

 

Max Shuman: Roman Food

Roman Food paragraph Max Shuman

 

My partner Gabby Scarpa and I chose to do our roman tour about food and how it was made. The average roman day (for the rich) consisted of 3 meals; breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Breakfast and lunch were mainly sources of fuel until the big dinner meal. Most dinner meals were spent laying down and eating food with their hands. The dinner meals composed of fish, meat or poultry, and sides like bread or salad. Most meals also consisted of three different parts, appetizers, main courses, and desserts. Desserts were often the most desirable parts of the meal, consisting of cakes, and different pastries. But, most dinners were used as ways of partying, so every meal was a fun time!!

Barrow, Mandy. “Roman Food.” Roman Food. N.p., n.d. Web. 22

Apr. 2015.

Balsdon, J.P.V.D. Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome. McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, 1969.

Nicole Hyde: Roman Government

In ancient Rome they had many types of government. Around the time of Julius Caesar there was a type of government called a republic. The Romans copied the Greece’s idea of government, democracy, but changed it to where it best suited them. The Republic was appointed after the one-man rule in Rome. After the republic, it split into three branches. Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. Later on in ancient Rome there was a ruler named Julius Caesar. Caesar is known for many things, conquering Gaul, being the victor of the Roman civil war, and the dictator of Rome. Before he was assassinated, he was launching a series of political and social reforms. Julius Caesar is known as one of the most powerful leaders. The roman Republic later fell due to Octavian establishing the new empire instead of the republic.

Rifah Chowdhury – Roman Baths & Aqueducts

Pipes were used for supplying water in a Roman household, but were taxed according to their size.  Because of this, many houses had just a basic supply of pipes and did not have a bath complex in their house.  For this reason, bath houses were created.  Bath houses were made to keep the Romans clean, but these bath complexes were also a gathering point and served as a social function.  In a bath house, a visitor could use a cold bath called a frigidarium, a warm bath called a tepidarium, and a hot bath called a caldarium. A large complex would also contain an exercise area, a swimming pool, and a gymnasium as well.

The Romans built aqueducts and channels that transported large quantities of water to major towns and cities.  The creation of aqueducts resolved all the problems of water catchment, transport, reliability of supply and distribution to all parts of the city or to a system of agricultural irrigation.  For these reasons, the populations of Rome and other cities increased and the demand for fresh water grew, so the Romans began building aqueducts.

Citations:

Nardo, Don. Roman Roads and Aqueducts. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 2001. Print.

“Roman Baths”. HistoryLearningSite.co.uk. 2014. Web.

 

Claudia Braswell: Roman Funerals

The earliest Roman grave sites were first noted around 900 B.C.  The Romans originally derived their burial rituals from the Greek cultures.  In the west, they preferred to be cremated.  However, in the east, most were buried.  People in the Roman Empire thought that respectful burial rituals allowed the dead to enter the next world and protected the living from misfortunes.  Because they believed it was important to rest underground, people who were cremated would then be placed in urns and buried.  The dead would sometimes have items placed in their graves for use in the afterlife.  These items included cooking pots, lamps, weapons, and sometimes armor.  Those who attended the funeral usually ate a meal at the burial site and would try to share the meal with the dead.  Some tombs were even built with pipes or holes in order for food and drinks to be passed to the deceased.

Sierra Moore: Roman Art

Roman Art was an extremely relevant part of ancient Roman’s lives. They were greatly inspired by the awe evoking works created by the Greeks, and their work often reflected the Greek’s themes. Sculptures were one aspect of ancient Roman art. Most sculptures were large stone creations that portrayed an everyday Roman activity or scene; these would often be hung on walls of a wealthy person’s home. Other types of sculptures included busts which were placed in gardens, libraries, and other main rooms of a Roman’s home. Mosaics, another popular form of ancient Roman art, were littered within Roman villas. Romans used many sizes and shapes of tiny pieces of stone, called tesserae, to portray an image in these mosaics. They were used to depict various everyday items like clothing, foods, and tools. Art was mainly exhibited in a wealthy Roman villa. Different rooms within this villa had different types of artwork and decor. For example, in the Vestibulum, there were often floor mosaics that portrayed messages like “welcome” or “beware of the dog”.

 

Reese Askins and Rachel Fairchild: Roman Women

Reese’s paragraph

Women living in Ancient Rome lived simple but important lives.  During the day, most women stayed indoors and maintained the household. Most Roman girls were married by the age of fourteen, if not earlier.  If they were wealthy, they had slaves that helped them. Another job that a Roman Woman was expected to do was teach the children.  Maintaining their house and teaching their children was the main job of any woman that lived in Ancient Rome. Another aspect of life for women was the way that they dressed. Most women wore a rectangular piece of cloth that tied around them like a tube, called a tunica. Another article of clothing, called a stola, was worn by married woman and worn over the tunica. This was seen as a sign of respect. Colors and fabrics used in each tunica was a symbol of the woman’s social class. Brighter colors usually meant a lower class, and darker colors usually meant a higher class. Although they led simple lifestyles, Roman Women still played an important role in Roman society.

 

Sources:

“Romans: Family and Children.” BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015.

“Women’s Daily Life and Work in Ancient Rome.” Women in Ancient Rome: Women’s Daily Life and Work. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015.

“ROMAN FASHION.” ROMAN FASHION. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015.

“Ancient Roman Women: A Look at Their Lives.” – Women’s Rights, Rome, Citizenship, Cornelia, Oppian Laws, Divorce, Aristocracy. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2015.

 

Rachel’s paragraph

Women in Ancient Rome were very important to the civilization. Their main role was to take care of the household and children, and it was their most important responsibility to have children. Women could move about somewhat freely and participate in some public activities, but the center of their world was supposed to be household. Women had no political rights and they were not allowed to vote or make speeches. Women were indirectly involved in politics because of their influence on their husbands. They were forbidden to participate in politics and war, which were the two central activities of the Roman state. Women did not serve in the army, and it was considered improper for a woman just to watch military maneuvers. Men did not consider men their equals, and women were expected to be obedient to their husbands. They were supposed to be modest, show self-control, and always remain faithful. The finest quality that a Roman woman could possess was pudicitia, which, for an unmarried girl meant purity, and for a wife meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. The women of Ancient Rome played a very important role to society.

 

Cites:

Moulton, Carroll. Ancient Greece and Rome: An Encyclopedia for Students. New York: Scribner, 1998. Print.

“Ancient Roman Women: A Look at Their Lives.” – Women’s Rights, Rome, Citizenship, Cornelia, Oppian Laws, Divorce, Aristocracy. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2015.