Jena Wooder: Military & Gallic Wars (Daily Life, Structure of Army, & Auxiliaries Paragraph)

The military was a dominant force in Rome. It was an outstanding army with very intense training. They would have to train twice a day and would have to be able to march twenty miles in five hours. It was also highly structured, with specific tasks to perform when the army would begin moving into enemy territory. Once they arrived, they would start digging a rampart and piling up the dirt into a small hill. They would then put sharpened stakes on the top of the hill to surround the camp. Since the camp was in the same format as a fort, it made it easy for the men to make their way around the camp. The army was broken into different groups so that they could have a clear chain of command. Each legion contained four lines, or groups, of soldiers. The front line soldiers are the velites, who are trained to throw spears at the enemy. Behind the velites are the hastatus and the preinceps. These soldiers did most of the fighting. They had light armor and used swords. The last line was the triarius who wore heavy armor. Also, auxiliary cohorts of cavalry or specialists such as archers would also be part of the legionaries. The auxiliaries were specialized troops that were recruited by the empire from different regions. They weren’t Roman citizens and were usually stationed far away from their home to make sure they wouldn’t switch sides in a battle. They were also only paid a third of what a legionary was paid. However, after their duty, they were given Roman citizenship and a lump sum of money or land.

Survivor Letter J. Wooder

Virginia Holocaust Museum

2000 East Cary Street

Richmond, VA 23223

December 5, 2014


Dear Lili Silberman:

My name is Jena Wooder and I work as the curator at the Virginia Holocaust Museum in Richmond, Virginia. The museum was donated a few rare assorted pictures from the Holocaust. After extensive research, on the internet and through reading many books, I noticed that you have a similar experience to one photograph that was recently contributed. I learned about your familiarity to this picture by reading your survivor story online (

In your story, you discussed what it was like to be a child during the Holocaust. You talked about your experience when you were in hiding. You also recalled the isolation you felt while at the convent. You also elicited the poor conditions in which you lived and how, because you grew up in this way, it was how you thought children were raised. The photograph I am studying right now shows children during the Holocaust. My picture has three children in front of a large group of people. They all have different expressions showing how growing up like this affected them in different ways.

The Virginia Holocaust Museum was curious if they could use your survivor story as a way to convey what is going on in the picture. If so, would you mind answering some questions in an attempt to go more in depth in your experience? In your story you discussed the emotions felt while growing up. You talked about how you felt alone, terrified, depressed, and confused. I was wondering if that is how most of the children in your orphanage and convent felt. If not, can you describe their feelings? Also, I was wondering if the other children thought that this was how children were normally raised in life. I was also curious to how you remained optimistic throughout your experience?

Thank you for your time and I appreciate you sharing your story with me. I hope we can educate people on what it was like for children during the Holocaust in an attempt to stop history from repeating itself.


Jena Wooder

Link to story

Link to picture