Education by Christian Smucker, Zach Washburn, and Zlatan Ibrahimovic

The education system in ancient Rome was a rather basic one. Roman girls were trained their mother in domestic tasks (cooking, cleaning, going to the Agora) until the age of 12 or 13, when she married and her education was considered complete. On the other hand, a boy was tutored by his father between the ages of 7 and 16. He was expected to follow his father everywhere and learn from his example (apprentice program). The boy helped with this father’s work, listened to debates in the forum or in the senate, and took part in religious ceremonies. His father taught him to read, to fight in armor, to box, to ride a horse, to swim, to endure hardship, and above all to know his own family’s traditions. Such training was for youths of the upper classes. Little is known about the education of lower-class children. At age the age of 16 boy became a man and then could pursue a higher education at one of the universities in ancient Rome. The two topics mostly covered at university were philosophy and rhetoric. -Christian Smucker and Zlatan Ibrahimovic

Before the Caesar Era, the Romans were undecided on the direction they wanted to write. In the Caesar Era, they were able to switch to write from left-to-right and were able to finalize their 21 letter Alphabet. In the alphabet, most letters only used one sound unlike in English. Also, sentence structure was different from the English language from a subject object verb instead of a subject verb object. For the tools of writing, they wrote on tablets made of wax or small, thin pieces of wood. However, legal and important documents were written in pen and ink on papyrus. Books were also written in pen and ink on papyrus or sometimes parchment. Our knowledge of Roman letter forms comes from monuments, palaces and columns, their versals hewn in stone for all eternity, without a comma or a full stop. -Zach Washburn and Zlatan Ibrahimovic


“Bryn Mawr Classical Review 03.03.07.” Bryn Mawr Classical Review 03.03.07. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.

H, J. P. “On Ancient Literary Levels.” Tekton Education and Apologetics Ministry. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.

“Reading in Ancient Rome.” Legendumst. N.p., 08 Oct. 2008. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.

Survivor Letter Z. Washburn

Virginia Holocaust Museum

2000 East Cary Street

Richmond, VA 23223

December 7, 2014

Dear István Katona,

Hello István, I hope you are enjoying life. My name is Zach Washburn and I am the curator at the Virginia Holocaust Museum, located in Richmond, Virginia. Recently, I have discovered some photographs displaying life in the camps of Buchenwald that the museum has revealed shows some relation to you. We have collected some research (Link to research) based off of the pictures, and the museum and I are extremely fascinated with your story and want to share it with the visitors of the museum.

Our research has revealed some parts of your time in Buchenwald, and the myriad of obstacles you had to overcome to earn your freedom. The research has led us to believe that when you entered Buchenwald camp you were called in to roll call and forced to commit actions that could be considered humiliating or embarrassing. Also, we realized that you worked as an electrician in the camp, and spent grueling hours in a factory dealing with extremely dangerous equipment. In addition, the research tells us that the Polish prisoners were also imparting you and your Hungarian friends a hard time including the German soldiers around the camp. Then, you were sent away to another electrician plant to work away from Buchenwald in Flossberg.

Mr. Katona, the members and I will never understand and realize how hard it was to survive in the conditions of the concentration camps and losing much of your family. However, we are wondering if you would permit us to display the pictures and your story in our museum for the visitors to see and learn, and ask other questions relating to our research. Why was it so difficult for you and the Polish prisoners to get along? How did you survive when you were considered a traitor? How were you not shipped back to Buchenwald when you were sick and could not work?

Thank you for taking the time to read my letter. I hope we are able to agree on putting your photographs and story on display for the world to see.


Zach Washburn

Link to photograph