Angelica Tsvetkov – Military (Equipment and Training)

There is a saying that if you have more possessions than you can carry for a mile, then the possessions actually own you. The roman soldiers accepted this philosophy and would never carry no more than 60 pounds of equipment.The military equipment was composed of essentials the soldiers would need during war. Each soldier had a shield, sword, spear/pilum, their other kit, a pack, a digging tool, a cloak, a patera, a water flask, and rations of food. Pilums are heavy and useless except in battle while Spears are all purpose tools . Everything the soldiers had would be strapped to a furca, which is a four-foot long pole with a t-shape to form a cross bar.

Moving on, Roman soldiers needed to be disciplined and trained. Training of the Roman soldiers could be separated into 5 different stages. The first  stage was marching. Once trainees could walk 20 miles in 5 hours then they must go to 40 miles in 12 hours. If the trainees could even stand up the next day the must do the same routine but in full armor. During the second stage the trainees would have to practice swordplay with a wooden post. During the third stage the soldiers would practice using a pilum with the legionaries. In the fourth stage the trainees have to leap over barracks in full armour with a vaulting horse. The last stage is drilling. The trainees must shout, walk, command, and fall in defense as one.


Survivor Letter A. Tsvetkov

Virginia Holocaust Museum

2000 East Cary Street

Richmond, VA 23223



Dear Madeline Deutsch,

My name is Angelica Tsvetkov and I am 15 years old. In class we are preparing to read a book associated with the holocaust. We wanted to understand more about what happened in this time before we read the book. I researched about the concentration camps and I found you. I found your testimony to what you experienced and how it affected you. I want to use you as an example of how the Nazis treated people and how they took away their basic human rights.

I found a picture of the liberation of Mauthausen and I wanted to show the connection between the feelings that those people had in that picture and the scarring aftermath that still occurred to them. What you went through shows that even though you survived you will always be affected by the horrendous acts of the Nazis. In the picture you see the prisoners of the concentration camp gathered together and raising their hands up to the sky. We can only slightly grasp what these people must have felt. Their tired and frail bodies finally feeling relief, finally being treated as humans. The connection between you and this picture is that you experienced this feeling of relief but the pain didn’t stop. Even after being liberated, you are still left with the physical and mental scars of what you experienced. In your personal story, you shared how you still had nightmares and were scared to go out in the streets because you were afraid that Nazis were still out there. You stated that you were a thirteen year old in an eighteen year olds body. You didn’t get to grow up and experience life because those years were taken away from you.  Even though you were liberated, it didn’t suddenly make things better. You were changed, and from them on you were a different person.

I would like to ask for permission to use your personal story in correlation with this photo. I think that it is important to emphasize the fact that even after the relief this photo shows, the horrors that were done are still a part of the survivor’s lives. Because I have the chance to send you this letter I would like to use this opportunity to ask you some questions. How were you able build yourself up as a person again? When you have experienced such things it can be hard to go back into normal life, how did eventually make yourself happy again?

I would like to thank you for taking the time to read this letter. I think that everything that you have gone through should be remembered. We should remember what people are capable of doing and teach our children how we must treat one another. We must show people that good people like you have survived and that good will always prevail.



Angelica Tsvetkov