Gabby Scarpa- Roman Food

Typically, Romans had three meals a day and they were called the Ientaculum, Prandium, and Cena.  The Ientaculum was there breakfast and it was eaten early in the morning before the men went to work.  Breakfast was usually a light meal that consisted of bread, cheese, and olives.  The bread was normally eaten with honey, olive oil, and wine.  Sometimes they ate a wheat pancake for breakfast with dates and honey.  The Romans lunch was called the Prandium and it consisted of leftovers from the night before, cold meat, bread, and fish.   Lunch was usually a small meal that could even be considered a snack.  This meal didn’t exist until dinner was moved an hour later.  Most meals depended on your class, poor Romans were lucky to have more than a piece of bread.  The wealthy Romans were able to purchase rich cheeses to accompany the bread for breakfast.


Cites –

Barrow, Mandy. “Roman Food.” Roman Food. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015

Balsdon, J.P.V.D. Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome. McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, 1969.Branham, R. Bracht and Kinney, Daniel. Petronius’s Satyrica. University of California Press: Los Angeles, 1996.

Carcopino, Jerome. Daily Life in Ancient Rome. George Routledge & Sons, Ltd: London, 1941.

Cowell, F.R. Everyday Life in Ancient Rome. B.T. Batsford Ltd: London,1961.

Flower, Barbara and Rosenbaum, Elisabeth. The Roman Cookery Book: The Art of Cooking by Apicius. Peter Nevill Limited: London, 1958.

Fowler, W. Warde. Social Life At Rome in the Age of Cicero. St Martin’s Press: London, 1965.

Liversidge, Joan. Everyday Life in the Roman Empire. B.T. Batsford Ltd: London, 1976.




Survivor Letter- Gabby Scarpa

Virginia Holocaust Museum

2000 East Cary Street

Richmond, VA 23223

September 30, 2012


Dear Eva Galler,

I hope all is well.  My name is Gabby Scarpa, and I am the curator at the Virginia Holocaust Museum, located in Richmond, Virginia. The museum was very lucky and received many photographs from the Holocaust.  After looking through multiple photographs and examining them, I came across one picture that I thought was very interesting.  I have read about your survivor story online (, and I was shocked at how similar your experience was to this photograph.  I would really enjoy learning more about this picture for our exhibit, and I could really use your help.

The picture I became interested in is of people boarding a deportation train to an Extermination Camp.  Although, you are not in the particular picture your story was very similar to the photograph.  In your story, you tell us that you boarded a train that was going to take you to a death camp but you were lucky enough to survive by escaping.  You also talked about how there was a lot of chaos and people on the train just like how it is in the picture I came across.

Would it be okay if the Virginia Holocaust Museum and I used your story in our exhibit to try and explain this terrible event that happened in history? If so, I would like to ask you questions so that I can be more capable of understanding your experience and the event.  Were there a lot of people being harmed on the train? Did most families split up on the train in order to find a way to escape? What did you hear other families talking about on the train? Do you ever wonder if your parents changed their mind and attempted to escape with your younger siblings?   Looking back would you have tried to do something different?

Thank you for your time and sharing your story with me and others.  I hope we are able to inform everyone about the Holocaust and make sure that nothing like it ever happens again.


Gabby Scarpa

Link to photograph