The Ancient Romans had a very different education system. Similar to many civilizations of the time period, only males received an education on political and scientific matters. Women were simply taught to take care of the home. This part of the culture even manifests itself in Vesta, the goddess of the hearth. Both men and women mainly had their education administered by their parents; however, for education that could not be provided by their parents, Romans had tutor slaves. These tutor slaves or paedagogues possessed far more intelligence than an average Roman. For example, Seneca, the tutor of the emperor Nero, was a tutor, philosopher, dramatist, and statesman. Many families could send their boys to school. Students took notes by using a stone tablet with wax hardened over it. The students would then use a styli to carve into the wax. When they would have to reuse the tablet, they would heat the tablet to melt the wax and wait for it to cool again.
Ecce Romani II. a Latin Reading Program — Home and School Pastimes and Ceremonies. White Plains, NY: Longman, 1995. Print.
Moishe the Beadle: Heed any warning, just in case.
Elie Wiesel: How could God allow such cruelty?
Juliek: We need a bit of music.
Rabbi Eliahou: Always hold your loved ones closely.
Kedar Kelkar: Instructions are for workers not thinkers.
Virginia Holocaust Museum
2000 East Cary Street
Richmond, VA 23223
Dear Shep Zitler,
Hello. My name is Kedar Kelkar. I am a curator at the Virginia Holocaust Museum. I found this photograph of your family in 1936. I understand that your family was Jewish, and very few of you survived. I was wondering if you could tell me about the people in this photograph, so I can get a better understanding of who they were. I believe your stories would make the exhibits more effective and human.
The people in this photo are all members of the Zitler Family. There’s Doba Zitler Lewin, your youngest sister; Sonia Zitler Morgenstern, your oldest sister; Professor Michael Morgenstern, Sonia’s husband; Tzerna Morgenstern, Sonia and Michael’s daughter; Hershel Morgenstern, Sonia and Michael’s son; Rivka Zitler Podolski, you sister; Mr. Podolski, Rivka’s husband; Motele Podolski, son of Rivka and Mr. Podolski; Rachel Zitler, your sister; Meyer, your cousin; Leib, Meyer’s son; Asher Zitler, your father; Bertha Cohen Zitler, your mother; and you at the age of 19 years. Because you are related to everyone in this photograph, I was hoping you would know their stories and could provide them for the museum. The stories would greatly improve the exhibits’ qualities and make them seem more real for visitors.
I was wondering about what happened to the people in this photograph. For example, who else survived and who were you able to stay in contact with? How old were the people in this photograph? Why was this photograph taken? If you can provide me with this information, may I also have permission to use your stories in the museum?
Even if you cannot provide me with this information, I am truly grateful for you taking the time to read this letter. I can only imagine what is was like to live through the time period. I believe your story should be remembered to prevent these tragic events from ever happening again. History’s job is to teach us lessons and how to save our futures. That is why I wrote to you. Thank you.