Jena Wooder: Military & Gallic Wars (Daily Life, Structure of Army, & Auxiliaries Paragraph)

The military was a dominant force in Rome. It was an outstanding army with very intense training. They would have to train twice a day and would have to be able to march twenty miles in five hours. It was also highly structured, with specific tasks to perform when the army would begin moving into enemy territory. Once they arrived, they would start digging a rampart and piling up the dirt into a small hill. They would then put sharpened stakes on the top of the hill to surround the camp. Since the camp was in the same format as a fort, it made it easy for the men to make their way around the camp. The army was broken into different groups so that they could have a clear chain of command. Each legion contained four lines, or groups, of soldiers. The front line soldiers are the velites, who are trained to throw spears at the enemy. Behind the velites are the hastatus and the preinceps. These soldiers did most of the fighting. They had light armor and used swords. The last line was the triarius who wore heavy armor. Also, auxiliary cohorts of cavalry or specialists such as archers would also be part of the legionaries. The auxiliaries were specialized troops that were recruited by the empire from different regions. They weren’t Roman citizens and were usually stationed far away from their home to make sure they wouldn’t switch sides in a battle. They were also only paid a third of what a legionary was paid. However, after their duty, they were given Roman citizenship and a lump sum of money or land.

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