The Ancient Romans had a very different education system. Similar to many civilizations of the time period, only males received an education on political and scientific matters. Women were simply taught to take care of the home. This part of the culture even manifests itself in Vesta, the goddess of the hearth. Both men and women mainly had their education administered by their parents; however, for education that could not be provided by their parents, Romans had tutor slaves. These tutor slaves or paedagogues possessed far more intelligence than an average Roman. For example, Seneca, the tutor of the emperor Nero, was a tutor, philosopher, dramatist, and statesman. Many families could send their boys to school. Students took notes by using a stone tablet with wax hardened over it. The students would then use a styli to carve into the wax. When they would have to reuse the tablet, they would heat the tablet to melt the wax and wait for it to cool again.
Ecce Romani II. a Latin Reading Program — Home and School Pastimes and Ceremonies. White Plains, NY: Longman, 1995. Print.
The religion of Ancient Rome was a polytheistic mosh pit of gods and goddesses that I’m not even sure the roman people could name all of them. Most roman gods and goddesses were ripped straight from Greek religion with them being practically copy and pasted of all but their names. The roman gods where a sadistic bunch requiring common sacrifices or your whole family will burned to the ground and all that jazz. This went anywhere from sacrificing animals to virgins. Even the marriages where freaking creepy, filled with things I’m not allowed to talk about at school. But enough about the gross stuff let’s get on to the cool stuff pretty much each roman god was messed up or flawed in some way, it could be anywhere from constantly cheating or deformed from birth but each one was worshiped anyway. Some even had their own cults of people that thought this god is the coolest dude/dudette in the whole wide world. Other than that though roman religion was just something to keep the peasants occupied while the up and coming political parties of the time played their game.
Roman Tour Paragraph
Roman war clothing was practical, for example, lighter cloth, such as linen for hot climates and heavier cloth, such as wool for colder climates. They wore trousers, Braccae, a style of pants, made from wool. Also, they would wear a loincloth, which was a one-piece male garment made of wool or linen. Socks were common apparel for marching, they fully covered their feet or would be without a toe or heel. Leg wrappings and leg bindings were strips of material wrapped from the ankle up to the calf of the leg which covered the soldiers. Their Military Tunic was a short sleeved, wide, shirt-like, undergarment made of a long piece of rectangular wool, cotton, or linen. The military belt was worn around the waist and held the dagger and the apron, which was held in the front of the belt. Their clothing acquired leather lappets, an apron / skirt of decorated strips that hung from the belt to the lower waist. They were made up of leather strips and heavily studded with metal. Offering little protection, the apron would be a source of noise or decoration by using tokens and discs to show the wars he had fought in.
Of course soldiers had protective armor, which covered their clothes. The armor consisted of a helmet made of metal (usually iron) and shoulder, arm and leg guards.
They would wear a woolen cloak which would be open in the front and would clasp around the shoulders. For extra warmth they would wrap a scarf around their neck or body to prevent chaffing. Lastly, they had military sandals or boots, which would be strong with the addition of iron hobnails used for the miles of marching the soldiers would go through. During the Gallic War, Julius Caesar became a military leader. The
War began after an attempt to preserve stability on the borders of the Roman province of Transalpine Gaul. The most famous revolt was the last one, led by Vercinqetorix. (Most famous of the Gauls) At the start of the war there was three sections: the Belgae, Celts(called Gauls by the Romans), and the Aquitani. Each were populated by large and separate tribes. They were often at war with each other and had difficult relationships. The First Gallic Revolt was taken place on the Maritime north west-coast which was dominated by the Veneti tribe. The revolt began when they seized Q. Velanius and T. Silius.
There is a saying that if you have more possessions than you can carry for a mile, then the possessions actually own you. The roman soldiers accepted this philosophy and would never carry no more than 60 pounds of equipment.The military equipment was composed of essentials the soldiers would need during war. Each soldier had a shield, sword, spear/pilum, their other kit, a pack, a digging tool, a cloak, a patera, a water flask, and rations of food. Pilums are heavy and useless except in battle while Spears are all purpose tools . Everything the soldiers had would be strapped to a furca, which is a four-foot long pole with a t-shape to form a cross bar.
Moving on, Roman soldiers needed to be disciplined and trained. Training of the Roman soldiers could be separated into 5 different stages. The first stage was marching. Once trainees could walk 20 miles in 5 hours then they must go to 40 miles in 12 hours. If the trainees could even stand up the next day the must do the same routine but in full armor. During the second stage the trainees would have to practice swordplay with a wooden post. During the third stage the soldiers would practice using a pilum with the legionaries. In the fourth stage the trainees have to leap over barracks in full armour with a vaulting horse. The last stage is drilling. The trainees must shout, walk, command, and fall in defense as one.
The military was a dominant force in Rome. It was an outstanding army with very intense training. They would have to train twice a day and would have to be able to march twenty miles in five hours. It was also highly structured, with specific tasks to perform when the army would begin moving into enemy territory. Once they arrived, they would start digging a rampart and piling up the dirt into a small hill. They would then put sharpened stakes on the top of the hill to surround the camp. Since the camp was in the same format as a fort, it made it easy for the men to make their way around the camp. The army was broken into different groups so that they could have a clear chain of command. Each legion contained four lines, or groups, of soldiers. The front line soldiers are the velites, who are trained to throw spears at the enemy. Behind the velites are the hastatus and the preinceps. These soldiers did most of the fighting. They had light armor and used swords. The last line was the triarius who wore heavy armor. Also, auxiliary cohorts of cavalry or specialists such as archers would also be part of the legionaries. The auxiliaries were specialized troops that were recruited by the empire from different regions. They weren’t Roman citizens and were usually stationed far away from their home to make sure they wouldn’t switch sides in a battle. They were also only paid a third of what a legionary was paid. However, after their duty, they were given Roman citizenship and a lump sum of money or land.