Education by Christian Smucker, Zach Washburn, and Zlatan Ibrahimovic

The education system in ancient Rome was a rather basic one. Roman girls were trained their mother in domestic tasks (cooking, cleaning, going to the Agora) until the age of 12 or 13, when she married and her education was considered complete. On the other hand, a boy was tutored by his father between the ages of 7 and 16. He was expected to follow his father everywhere and learn from his example (apprentice program). The boy helped with this father’s work, listened to debates in the forum or in the senate, and took part in religious ceremonies. His father taught him to read, to fight in armor, to box, to ride a horse, to swim, to endure hardship, and above all to know his own family’s traditions. Such training was for youths of the upper classes. Little is known about the education of lower-class children. At age the age of 16 boy became a man and then could pursue a higher education at one of the universities in ancient Rome. The two topics mostly covered at university were philosophy and rhetoric. -Christian Smucker and Zlatan Ibrahimovic

Before the Caesar Era, the Romans were undecided on the direction they wanted to write. In the Caesar Era, they were able to switch to write from left-to-right and were able to finalize their 21 letter Alphabet. In the alphabet, most letters only used one sound unlike in English. Also, sentence structure was different from the English language from a subject object verb instead of a subject verb object. For the tools of writing, they wrote on tablets made of wax or small, thin pieces of wood. However, legal and important documents were written in pen and ink on papyrus. Books were also written in pen and ink on papyrus or sometimes parchment. Our knowledge of Roman letter forms comes from monuments, palaces and columns, their versals hewn in stone for all eternity, without a comma or a full stop. -Zach Washburn and Zlatan Ibrahimovic


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