Torrance Hall Patricians

The Patricians where also known as the upper class of the ancient roman. The Patricians lived in beautiful one story homes surrounded by an area called an atrium. This atrium was built with no roof and was often used to collect rain water for drinking and bathing. The rest of the house was built around this beautiful atrium including their dining room which is where they ate. Many Patricians had slaves and lounged around their dining rooms while they had their slaves make them rare and extravagant dishes from all around the world that they obtained in trade. Patricians loved having children and often had many because they didn’t exactly have to worry about the expenses that children come with like food and school. If you were a child of a Patricians they often got an education, boys and girls. Although, the girls’ education was more about cooking and cleaning. The boys often went off to school and learned about basic studies like math and science. Sometimes the families even hired private tutors for the children that came into the houses and even lived with them. The younger children where often taken care of by the slaves that they owned and usually did more parenting than the actual parents did themselves. In ancient roman Government, only the Patricians were allowed to take place in it but once they joined they were not allowed to quit. Although Patricians seem like they were very stuck up and snobby they were only about 10% of the Ancient Rome population but funded almost all of it.

Works Cited

“Britannica ImageQuest.” Britannica ImageQuest. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.

“Patrician.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.

“Patricians.” PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.

Jane Ansah Roman Clothing

My topic of Ancient Rome was clothing. Back then, clothing was pretty important. It not only served as protection against harsh conditions and as adornment for the body, but was also used to show ranks and status of those in the society. Most of all the clothing for both the men and women were the same, they had many varied styles. The children’s clothing was not as important as the adults. They basically wore the same thing their parents did, but in their size of course. The most known type of clothing among the ancient Romans was the toga. There is a myth that all Romans wore togas, when in reality, that wasn’t the case at all. The men of a higher rank mostly wore tunics over their undergarments known as tunics. Those of lower ranks wore tunics, and depending on what you did,m there were many types of it. Same goes for the Toga; there were many different styles of it, each one specified to a certain duty. Although the women did USE to wear togas, they stopped that practice, and it came that only prostitutes and women of an extremely low rank wore togas. The regular women wore just tunics, and matrons wore a garment called a stola over their tunics as a sign of respect. Soldiers wore trousers, ans slaves wore basic short tunics so they would be able to work easily.

Hampton Wimbish Roman Roads

The Roman roads played a huge factor in the lives of the Romans and they even impacted our road system today. Trenches were dug so that they could be filled with the necessary materials to construct the roads. The Romans would fill the trenches with stones, followed by pebbles, cement, and sand to form a base layer. Then, they would place paving stones on top that were cut so that they could fit tightly together and form the surface walked and driven on. The Roman Empire covered a vast majority of Europe in its prime, and it needed a system of roads for easy travel throughout the large empire. The ingenious design and thought processes of the Romans provided for this very complex road system that, believe it or not, still exists today in some parts of Europe. They were built to last an eternity. It was that same idea that fueled the modern road system we have today. Without the Romans, we could possibly still be traveling on dirt roads!

Roman Gladiator and Circus Maximus- Joey Sears

My topic is the Roman Gladiator and Circus Maximus and sports. Roman gladiators were usually slaves of war captives. They were put into the Coliseum to fight to the death. When someone first becomes a gladiator they have to go through vigorous training and go through obstacle courses. To prepare they have to practice hand to hand combat with a variety of weapons. Usually gladiators have their weapon of choice but occasionally they were required to fight with a randomly selected weapon. Once in the arena, the gladiator would go on to fight an animal or another person. If they fought another person, they would usually fight to the death unless the Emperor said otherwise. If they fought an animal they would fight until they died or the animal died. Also, another topic I did was Circus Maximus. The main sport event that was held here was chariot racing. This was a very dangerous sport in which many died. If you crashed in a chariot you would most likely die which is why it was so dangerous.

Education by Christian Smucker, Zach Washburn, and Zlatan Ibrahimovic

The education system in ancient Rome was a rather basic one. Roman girls were trained their mother in domestic tasks (cooking, cleaning, going to the Agora) until the age of 12 or 13, when she married and her education was considered complete. On the other hand, a boy was tutored by his father between the ages of 7 and 16. He was expected to follow his father everywhere and learn from his example (apprentice program). The boy helped with this father’s work, listened to debates in the forum or in the senate, and took part in religious ceremonies. His father taught him to read, to fight in armor, to box, to ride a horse, to swim, to endure hardship, and above all to know his own family’s traditions. Such training was for youths of the upper classes. Little is known about the education of lower-class children. At age the age of 16 boy became a man and then could pursue a higher education at one of the universities in ancient Rome. The two topics mostly covered at university were philosophy and rhetoric. -Christian Smucker and Zlatan Ibrahimovic

Before the Caesar Era, the Romans were undecided on the direction they wanted to write. In the Caesar Era, they were able to switch to write from left-to-right and were able to finalize their 21 letter Alphabet. In the alphabet, most letters only used one sound unlike in English. Also, sentence structure was different from the English language from a subject object verb instead of a subject verb object. For the tools of writing, they wrote on tablets made of wax or small, thin pieces of wood. However, legal and important documents were written in pen and ink on papyrus. Books were also written in pen and ink on papyrus or sometimes parchment. Our knowledge of Roman letter forms comes from monuments, palaces and columns, their versals hewn in stone for all eternity, without a comma or a full stop. -Zach Washburn and Zlatan Ibrahimovic

Citations:

“Bryn Mawr Classical Review 03.03.07.” Bryn Mawr Classical Review 03.03.07. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.

H, J. P. “On Ancient Literary Levels.” Tekton Education and Apologetics Ministry. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.

“Reading in Ancient Rome.” Legendumst. N.p., 08 Oct. 2008. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.

http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/themes/writing/literacy.aspx

Roman Games

My topic was the Roman Games and Circus Maximus.  One of the main events in the Circus Maximus was chariot racing.  The chariots were so hard to control they often crashed, this was called being shipwrecked.  Many racers and horses died from these events.  Gladiator battles were another big sport in Ancient Rome.  There were three main types of gladiators sometimes they were all in the same battle but often they were separated.  Most gladiators were prisoners because of the extremely high risk of this sport.  Lanistas were the gladiators’ bosses essentially, they told them when to fight and how to fight. All of these games were dangerous and much different than the sports we know today.

-Alex Patsell

(My citations are on Megan Connolly’s post)

Mary Polen Roman Funerals Paragraph

Many wealthy families owned private burial plots outside of the city walls. A momument on the plot honored the family’s dead. Some men built their tombs before they died! They prefered to be buried in personal mausoleums in a cavity under the floor of their mausoleum. Many trade associations or clubs paied for their members’ funerals. Some families kept their urns in their homes, but usually they arrange for the urn to be placed in an underground tomb called a columbarium. Most of them had places for hundereds or even thousands of urns! People who were too poor to afford any of these options were buried in mass graves. (Don Nardo) By the early Roman Empire, large groups of people started to believe that death was final. Sayings such as “I believe innothing beyond the grave” and “There is no Hades” started appearing of tomb stones.

Bibliography
Nardo, Don. Life in Ancient Rome. Sand Diego, CA: Lucent, 1996. Print.

Gabby Scarpa- Roman Food

Typically, Romans had three meals a day and they were called the Ientaculum, Prandium, and Cena.  The Ientaculum was there breakfast and it was eaten early in the morning before the men went to work.  Breakfast was usually a light meal that consisted of bread, cheese, and olives.  The bread was normally eaten with honey, olive oil, and wine.  Sometimes they ate a wheat pancake for breakfast with dates and honey.  The Romans lunch was called the Prandium and it consisted of leftovers from the night before, cold meat, bread, and fish.   Lunch was usually a small meal that could even be considered a snack.  This meal didn’t exist until dinner was moved an hour later.  Most meals depended on your class, poor Romans were lucky to have more than a piece of bread.  The wealthy Romans were able to purchase rich cheeses to accompany the bread for breakfast.

 

Cites –

Barrow, Mandy. “Roman Food.” Roman Food. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015

Balsdon, J.P.V.D. Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome. McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, 1969.Branham, R. Bracht and Kinney, Daniel. Petronius’s Satyrica. University of California Press: Los Angeles, 1996.

Carcopino, Jerome. Daily Life in Ancient Rome. George Routledge & Sons, Ltd: London, 1941.

Cowell, F.R. Everyday Life in Ancient Rome. B.T. Batsford Ltd: London,1961.

Flower, Barbara and Rosenbaum, Elisabeth. The Roman Cookery Book: The Art of Cooking by Apicius. Peter Nevill Limited: London, 1958.

Fowler, W. Warde. Social Life At Rome in the Age of Cicero. St Martin’s Press: London, 1965.

Liversidge, Joan. Everyday Life in the Roman Empire. B.T. Batsford Ltd: London, 1976.

 

 

 

Max Shuman: Roman Food

Roman Food paragraph Max Shuman

 

My partner Gabby Scarpa and I chose to do our roman tour about food and how it was made. The average roman day (for the rich) consisted of 3 meals; breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Breakfast and lunch were mainly sources of fuel until the big dinner meal. Most dinner meals were spent laying down and eating food with their hands. The dinner meals composed of fish, meat or poultry, and sides like bread or salad. Most meals also consisted of three different parts, appetizers, main courses, and desserts. Desserts were often the most desirable parts of the meal, consisting of cakes, and different pastries. But, most dinners were used as ways of partying, so every meal was a fun time!!

Barrow, Mandy. “Roman Food.” Roman Food. N.p., n.d. Web. 22

Apr. 2015.

Balsdon, J.P.V.D. Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome. McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, 1969.

Nicole Hyde: Roman Government

In ancient Rome they had many types of government. Around the time of Julius Caesar there was a type of government called a republic. The Romans copied the Greece’s idea of government, democracy, but changed it to where it best suited them. The Republic was appointed after the one-man rule in Rome. After the republic, it split into three branches. Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. Later on in ancient Rome there was a ruler named Julius Caesar. Caesar is known for many things, conquering Gaul, being the victor of the Roman civil war, and the dictator of Rome. Before he was assassinated, he was launching a series of political and social reforms. Julius Caesar is known as one of the most powerful leaders. The roman Republic later fell due to Octavian establishing the new empire instead of the republic.