Similar to today, Romans used roads and architecture in their everyday life. One main reason for the construction of roads was for military use. Dated back to 312 BCE, Roman militaries used roads for faster and more efficient travel between cities. After development of Rome, more roads were built and they were used by militaries along with citizens, merchants, and traders trying to travel more easily. Roman architecture was the most developed of its time. They used arches along with columns from Greek ideals to provide support to their foundations. Perhaps the most famous piece of Roman architecture is the Coliseum. These themes of arches and columns continued with this building. Roman homes, much like today, were based on social status. The wealthy had vast villas while the poor had multi story apartments shared with tons of people.
The Ancient Romans had a very different education system. Similar to many civilizations of the time period, only males received an education on political and scientific matters. Women were simply taught to take care of the home. This part of the culture even manifests itself in Vesta, the goddess of the hearth. Both men and women mainly had their education administered by their parents; however, for education that could not be provided by their parents, Romans had tutor slaves. These tutor slaves or paedagogues possessed far more intelligence than an average Roman. For example, Seneca, the tutor of the emperor Nero, was a tutor, philosopher, dramatist, and statesman. Many families could send their boys to school. Students took notes by using a stone tablet with wax hardened over it. The students would then use a styli to carve into the wax. When they would have to reuse the tablet, they would heat the tablet to melt the wax and wait for it to cool again.
Ecce Romani II. a Latin Reading Program — Home and School Pastimes and Ceremonies. White Plains, NY: Longman, 1995. Print.
The religion of Ancient Rome was a polytheistic mosh pit of gods and goddesses that I’m not even sure the roman people could name all of them. Most roman gods and goddesses were ripped straight from Greek religion with them being practically copy and pasted of all but their names. The roman gods where a sadistic bunch requiring common sacrifices or your whole family will burned to the ground and all that jazz. This went anywhere from sacrificing animals to virgins. Even the marriages where freaking creepy, filled with things I’m not allowed to talk about at school. But enough about the gross stuff let’s get on to the cool stuff pretty much each roman god was messed up or flawed in some way, it could be anywhere from constantly cheating or deformed from birth but each one was worshiped anyway. Some even had their own cults of people that thought this god is the coolest dude/dudette in the whole wide world. Other than that though roman religion was just something to keep the peasants occupied while the up and coming political parties of the time played their game.
Roman Tour Paragraph
Roman war clothing was practical, for example, lighter cloth, such as linen for hot climates and heavier cloth, such as wool for colder climates. They wore trousers, Braccae, a style of pants, made from wool. Also, they would wear a loincloth, which was a one-piece male garment made of wool or linen. Socks were common apparel for marching, they fully covered their feet or would be without a toe or heel. Leg wrappings and leg bindings were strips of material wrapped from the ankle up to the calf of the leg which covered the soldiers. Their Military Tunic was a short sleeved, wide, shirt-like, undergarment made of a long piece of rectangular wool, cotton, or linen. The military belt was worn around the waist and held the dagger and the apron, which was held in the front of the belt. Their clothing acquired leather lappets, an apron / skirt of decorated strips that hung from the belt to the lower waist. They were made up of leather strips and heavily studded with metal. Offering little protection, the apron would be a source of noise or decoration by using tokens and discs to show the wars he had fought in.
Of course soldiers had protective armor, which covered their clothes. The armor consisted of a helmet made of metal (usually iron) and shoulder, arm and leg guards.
They would wear a woolen cloak which would be open in the front and would clasp around the shoulders. For extra warmth they would wrap a scarf around their neck or body to prevent chaffing. Lastly, they had military sandals or boots, which would be strong with the addition of iron hobnails used for the miles of marching the soldiers would go through. During the Gallic War, Julius Caesar became a military leader. The
War began after an attempt to preserve stability on the borders of the Roman province of Transalpine Gaul. The most famous revolt was the last one, led by Vercinqetorix. (Most famous of the Gauls) At the start of the war there was three sections: the Belgae, Celts(called Gauls by the Romans), and the Aquitani. Each were populated by large and separate tribes. They were often at war with each other and had difficult relationships. The First Gallic Revolt was taken place on the Maritime north west-coast which was dominated by the Veneti tribe. The revolt began when they seized Q. Velanius and T. Silius.
There is a saying that if you have more possessions than you can carry for a mile, then the possessions actually own you. The roman soldiers accepted this philosophy and would never carry no more than 60 pounds of equipment.The military equipment was composed of essentials the soldiers would need during war. Each soldier had a shield, sword, spear/pilum, their other kit, a pack, a digging tool, a cloak, a patera, a water flask, and rations of food. Pilums are heavy and useless except in battle while Spears are all purpose tools . Everything the soldiers had would be strapped to a furca, which is a four-foot long pole with a t-shape to form a cross bar.
Moving on, Roman soldiers needed to be disciplined and trained. Training of the Roman soldiers could be separated into 5 different stages. The first stage was marching. Once trainees could walk 20 miles in 5 hours then they must go to 40 miles in 12 hours. If the trainees could even stand up the next day the must do the same routine but in full armor. During the second stage the trainees would have to practice swordplay with a wooden post. During the third stage the soldiers would practice using a pilum with the legionaries. In the fourth stage the trainees have to leap over barracks in full armour with a vaulting horse. The last stage is drilling. The trainees must shout, walk, command, and fall in defense as one.
The military was a dominant force in Rome. It was an outstanding army with very intense training. They would have to train twice a day and would have to be able to march twenty miles in five hours. It was also highly structured, with specific tasks to perform when the army would begin moving into enemy territory. Once they arrived, they would start digging a rampart and piling up the dirt into a small hill. They would then put sharpened stakes on the top of the hill to surround the camp. Since the camp was in the same format as a fort, it made it easy for the men to make their way around the camp. The army was broken into different groups so that they could have a clear chain of command. Each legion contained four lines, or groups, of soldiers. The front line soldiers are the velites, who are trained to throw spears at the enemy. Behind the velites are the hastatus and the preinceps. These soldiers did most of the fighting. They had light armor and used swords. The last line was the triarius who wore heavy armor. Also, auxiliary cohorts of cavalry or specialists such as archers would also be part of the legionaries. The auxiliaries were specialized troops that were recruited by the empire from different regions. They weren’t Roman citizens and were usually stationed far away from their home to make sure they wouldn’t switch sides in a battle. They were also only paid a third of what a legionary was paid. However, after their duty, they were given Roman citizenship and a lump sum of money or land.
The Patricians where also known as the upper class of the ancient roman. The Patricians lived in beautiful one story homes surrounded by an area called an atrium. This atrium was built with no roof and was often used to collect rain water for drinking and bathing. The rest of the house was built around this beautiful atrium including their dining room which is where they ate. Many Patricians had slaves and lounged around their dining rooms while they had their slaves make them rare and extravagant dishes from all around the world that they obtained in trade. Patricians loved having children and often had many because they didn’t exactly have to worry about the expenses that children come with like food and school. If you were a child of a Patricians they often got an education, boys and girls. Although, the girls’ education was more about cooking and cleaning. The boys often went off to school and learned about basic studies like math and science. Sometimes the families even hired private tutors for the children that came into the houses and even lived with them. The younger children where often taken care of by the slaves that they owned and usually did more parenting than the actual parents did themselves. In ancient roman Government, only the Patricians were allowed to take place in it but once they joined they were not allowed to quit. Although Patricians seem like they were very stuck up and snobby they were only about 10% of the Ancient Rome population but funded almost all of it.
“Britannica ImageQuest.” Britannica ImageQuest. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
“Patrician.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
“Patricians.” PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
My topic of Ancient Rome was clothing. Back then, clothing was pretty important. It not only served as protection against harsh conditions and as adornment for the body, but was also used to show ranks and status of those in the society. Most of all the clothing for both the men and women were the same, they had many varied styles. The children’s clothing was not as important as the adults. They basically wore the same thing their parents did, but in their size of course. The most known type of clothing among the ancient Romans was the toga. There is a myth that all Romans wore togas, when in reality, that wasn’t the case at all. The men of a higher rank mostly wore tunics over their undergarments known as tunics. Those of lower ranks wore tunics, and depending on what you did,m there were many types of it. Same goes for the Toga; there were many different styles of it, each one specified to a certain duty. Although the women did USE to wear togas, they stopped that practice, and it came that only prostitutes and women of an extremely low rank wore togas. The regular women wore just tunics, and matrons wore a garment called a stola over their tunics as a sign of respect. Soldiers wore trousers, ans slaves wore basic short tunics so they would be able to work easily.
The Roman roads played a huge factor in the lives of the Romans and they even impacted our road system today. Trenches were dug so that they could be filled with the necessary materials to construct the roads. The Romans would fill the trenches with stones, followed by pebbles, cement, and sand to form a base layer. Then, they would place paving stones on top that were cut so that they could fit tightly together and form the surface walked and driven on. The Roman Empire covered a vast majority of Europe in its prime, and it needed a system of roads for easy travel throughout the large empire. The ingenious design and thought processes of the Romans provided for this very complex road system that, believe it or not, still exists today in some parts of Europe. They were built to last an eternity. It was that same idea that fueled the modern road system we have today. Without the Romans, we could possibly still be traveling on dirt roads!
My topic is the Roman Gladiator and Circus Maximus and sports. Roman gladiators were usually slaves of war captives. They were put into the Coliseum to fight to the death. When someone first becomes a gladiator they have to go through vigorous training and go through obstacle courses. To prepare they have to practice hand to hand combat with a variety of weapons. Usually gladiators have their weapon of choice but occasionally they were required to fight with a randomly selected weapon. Once in the arena, the gladiator would go on to fight an animal or another person. If they fought another person, they would usually fight to the death unless the Emperor said otherwise. If they fought an animal they would fight until they died or the animal died. Also, another topic I did was Circus Maximus. The main sport event that was held here was chariot racing. This was a very dangerous sport in which many died. If you crashed in a chariot you would most likely die which is why it was so dangerous.